Outline of a scientific paper

  • Title
  • Author(s) and affiliation(s)
  • Abstract
  1. Introduction
    • What is the problem?
    • Why is the problem important?
    • What previous works have been done?
    • Why is the problem not solved?
    • What is the present work aiming to do?
    • Why is it better than the previous works?
  2. Equipment and data collection/Methods
    Even if details are referred to a previous paper, sufficient information should be given so that a reader has some idea of what was used.
  3. Results
    State immediately the most important results before discussing them.
  4. Discussion
  5. Conclusions
  6. Summary
  • Acknowledgements
  • Appendices (if necessary)
  • References
  • Tables and captions
  • Figures and captions

Formality of scientific paper
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